The following definitions of asbestosis are some types of diseases that can attack the lungs:
Pneumonia or pneumonia is an infection that causes the air sacs in the lungs to become inflamed and swell. This disease is called pneumonia because, in this situation, the lungs can fill with fluid or pus. The cause of inflammation due to pneumonia is a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection.
- Tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a lung disease caused by infection with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria not only attack the lungs, but can also spread to other parts of the body, such as bones, lymph nodes, central nervous processes, and kidneys. Transmission of the bacteria that causes TB is through sputum or fluids from the person’s respiratory tract when coughing or sneezing.
Bronchitis is an inflammatory disease that runs on the bronchi, namely the branching of the airways leading to the lungs. One of the most common causes of this disease is a viral infection, which is transmitted from the sufferer through the sputum that the person secretes. If someone else inhales or swallows the sputum droplets, the virus will infect that person’s bronchial tubes.
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Severe obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious lung inflammation that results in disruption of airflow, either to or from the lungs. In general, there are two types of disorders that work against COPD, namely severe bronchitis and emphysema.
In chronic bronchitis, inflammation travels against the bronchial walls, is against emphysema, inflammation or damage runs to the alveoli (small sacs of the lungs). The main factor that can cause COPD is exposure to cigarette smoke in the long term, both actively and passively. Meanwhile, another aspect of risk is exposure to dust, fuel fumes, and chemical fumes.
Asthma is a serious disease that is characterized by signs of shortness of breath due to inflammation and narrowing of the airways. People with asthma generally have a more sensitive respiratory tract. That is why when exposed to allergens or triggers, the respiratory tract becomes inflamed, swollen, and narrows. As a result, the airflow is obstructed.
In addition to shortness of breath, there will be an increase in processing phlegm which makes it more difficult for the sufferer to breathe. Several things can cause asthma attacks, namely exposure to dust, cigarette smoke, animal hair, colds, viruses, and chemicals.